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Biographie de JRR Tolkien

This page does not claim to present all the life of the author of the Lord of the Rings, other sites much more complete do it very well.
I wanted right speech a little the author of this book and the way in which I have decouvert the fantastic adventure that many has decouvert unfortunately well late thanks to Peter Jackson.
I have decouvert personnelement the books of Tolkien thanks to my maitre of school of CM2 which read us Bilbo Hobbit(to call sometimes also Bilbon, and which according to versions' bears the name of Sacquet or Baggins!) at the end of the year... I am dépecher to go to buy in bookshop the three volumes of the Lord of the Rings as well as the unfinished Silmarillion and tales and legendes....BR>
The problem which arises for me is thus to short make on a man who had a history and such a fertile imagination!B>
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was born on January 3, 1892 in Bloemfontein, capital of the free Orange state, in family But South Africa must return to England after the death of the father of John, and settles towards Birmingham...
He meets of Edith Bratt, who later will become his wife, in 1905, but its tutor seeks has empecher this relation. He enters stock exchange A Oxford in 1910, and must wait his majority, 21 years, to find it and become engaged.
In 1911 it discovers Kalevala, collection of poems of the Scandinavian mythology, which will inspire to him inter alia the Epic of the Children of Húrin.
In summer 1914 he visits Cornouailles, where he is astounded by the beauty of the sea, he draws the Voyage from it from Eärendel, poem which will be improved much to become the base of Silmarillion.
March 22, 1916 Edith and Ronald marry in Warwick and in June Ronald leaves for France, with the face in the Sum. It knows the horror of the trenches, which removes to him two of his/her very expensive friends of the T.C.B.S.: Bob Gilson and G.B. Smith. In November, it catches what is called the fever of distinct and must turn over to England. It is during its convalescence, the beginning of 1917, that it begins the Book of the lost Tales, the first history being the Fall of Gondolin. The languages which it creates (Quenya and Sindarin) are already very complex and it works again there, just as it works out family tree for its heroes. In the Book of the lost Tales come to be added the Epic of the Children of Húrin and the tale of Beren and Lúthien. In November 1917 is born John, his son. He passes the end of the war to England, and to the armistice the Tolkien family comes to move in in Oxford.
En 1930 les Tolkien déménagent dans une maison un peu plus confortable, au 20 Northmoor Road. In 1930 Tolkien move in a house a little more comfortable, to the 20 Northmoor Road. It is about at that time that Tolkien starts to write the Hobbit, born stories which it told with his children.
The Hobbit is published in autumn 1937 , it is a very great success and one asks him for a continuation. Tolkien absolutely makes a point of making publish Silmarillion, but one makes him understand that it is not until people wait.
At the end of 1937, Tolkien thus starts to write one following the Hobbit, which will become the Lord of the Rings. The account will undergo very many transformations before being published. There Tolkien begins a book of a new kind, narrowly combining the mythological "size" of Silmarillion with humour and the spirit more "general public" of the Hobbit.
Tolkien will spend fifteen years to write it.
In 1959, Tolkien takes its retirement, but remains in Oxford. In 1963 it named honorary member of the college of Exeter and highly skilled member of the college of Merton. It passes much from time to correct the Lord of the Rings and especially to re-examine Silmarillion, which it does not seem to be solved to finish. In 1967, it feels the weight of old age, and its reflexion, its sadness, give Smith of Wootton Major. In 1968, victim of success, but also because their house is not easy to maintain, Tolkien and his wife move with Poole, meadows of the seaside resort of Bournemouth.
Edith dies on November 29, 1971
August 28, 1973 it goes to Denis Tolhurst to Bournemouth, fall sick the following day, is sent to the hospital and dies finally the morning of September 2, 1973, at 81 years. BR> He is buried in Oxford with his wife, and on their tomb one finds the epitaph following:
Edith Mary Tolkien, Lúthien, 1889-1971.
John Ronald Reuel Tolkien, Beren, 1892-1973.
It is to his/her Christopher son that it will be given to finally publish the major texts of the under-creation of Tolkien, with Silmarillion, the Tales and Unfinished Legends and the series History of Middle Earth.
here the bibliography of Tolkien, with the titles in English and the traudction if they exist.
1937 The Hobbit, or There and back again
Bilbo le Hobbit, trad. F. Ledoux
1954-55 The Lord of the Rings
Le Seigneur des Anneaux, trad. F. Ledoux
1954 The Fellowship of the Ring
La Communauté de l’Anneau
1954 The Two Towers
Les Deux Tours
1955 The Return of the King
Le Retour du Roi
1963 The Adventures of Tom Bombadil
Les Aventures de Tom Bombadil, trad. D. Heyat
1967 The Road Goes Ever On : A Song Cycle
Ces deux recueils de poèmes sont étroitement reliés au cycle de la Terre du Milieu. Certains apparaissent d’ailleurs dans The Hobbit et The Lord of the Rings.
1967 Poems and Songs of Middle-earth
This disc published by Caedmon Records is the recorded version of The Road Goes Ever One, sung by William Elvin accompanied by Donald Swann with the piano. Tolkien itself reads several of its poems there on bottom of music.
ouvrages posthumes, publiés par son fils, Christopher Tolkien :
1977 The Silmarillion
Le Silmarillion, trad. P. Alien
1978 Pictures by J.R.R.Tolkien, commentées par Humphrey Carpenter
In addition to the writing, J.R.R. Tolkien practised the drawing and the watercolour during all its life. But its principal works (of the illustrations of its novels) go up especially at the Thirties.
1982 Unfinished Tales
Contes et Légendes Inachevés, trad. T. Jolas
The First Age
Le Premier Age
The Second Age
Le Second Age
The Third Age
Le Troisième Age
1984-95 The History of Middle-earth (HoMe), en 12 volumes
Le Livre des Contes Perdus
1984 The Book of Lost Tales I (HoMe I)
Le Livre des Contes Perdus I, trad. A. Tolkien
1984 The Book of Lost Tales II (HoMe II)
Le Livre des Contes Perdus II, trad. A. Tolkien
1985 The Lays of Beleriand (HoMe III)
1986 The Shaping of Middle-earth (HoMe IV)
1987 The Lost Road (HoMe V)
1988 The Return of the Shadow (HoMe VI)
1989 The Treason of Isengard (HoMe VII)
1990 The War of the Ring (HoMe VIII)
1992 Sauron Defeated (HoMe IX)
1993 Morgoth’s Ring (HoMe X)
1994 The War of the Jewels (HoMe XI)
1995 The Peoples of Middle-earth (HoMe XII)
Autres ouvrages contes, essais et poèmes de J.R.R. Tolkien 1975 Roverandom
1995 Letters from Father Christmas
1996 Faërie
2003 Faërie and other texts
And now return in the page of on the Lord of the rings.